A boat of mass M1 is floating in a lake of water. The volume of the lake is V. The water surface is initially at height h, as measured relative to the lake’s floor. There is an anchor of mass M2 sitting on the boat’s deck. A person standing on deck picks up the anchor and throws it overboard. The anchor then sinks to the bottom of the lake, and the water surface height becomes h’.
Which of the following qualitative relationships is correct? What assumptions are you making about the values of M1, M2, h, and V?