# MASTERS OF LOGIC PUZZLES (HATS)

1,493.0K Views

After losing the “Spot on the Forehead” contest, the two defeated Puzzle Masters complained that the winner had made a slight pause before raising his hand, thus derailing their deductive reasoning train of thought. And so the Grand Master vowed to set up a truly fair test to reveal the best logician amongst them.
He showed the three men 5 hats – two white and three black. Then he turned off the lights in the room and put a hat on each Puzzle Master’s head. After that the old sage hid the remaining two hats, but before he could turn the lights on, one of the Masters, as chance would have it, the winner of the previous contest, announced the color of his hat. And he was right once again.
What color was his hat? What could have been his reasoning?

ravi Expert Asked on 19th July 2015 in

The important thing in this riddle is that all masters had equal chances to win. If one of them had been given a black hat and the other white hats, the one with black hat would immediately have known his color (unlike the others). So 1 black and 2 white hats is not a fair distribution.
If there had been one white and two black hats distributed, then the two with black hats would have had advantage. They would have been able to see one black and one white hat and supposing they had been given white hat, then the one with black hat must at once react as in the previous situation. However, if he had remained silent, then the guys with black hats would have known that they wear black hats, whereas the one with white hat would have been forced to eternal thinking with no clear answer. So neither this is a fair situation.
That’s why the only way of giving each master an equal chance is to distribute hats of one color – so 3 black hats.
I hope this is clear enough.

John123 Expert Answered on 19th July 2015.

• ## More puzzles to try-

• ### How old is the man and his wife?

If you add the age of a man to the age of his wife, the result is 91.  He is ...Read More »
• ### Which word is the odd one out?

Which word is the odd one out: First Second Third Forth Fifth Sixth Seventh EighthRead More »

Metal or bone it may be, many teeth it has and always bared, yet its bite harms no one, and ...Read More »
• ### GPS and 8 Battery Puzzle

You have a GPS that takes 2 working batteries. You have 8 batteries but only 4 of them work. What ...Read More »
• ### Hide and Seek

A farmer was playing hide and seek with his wife. His wife hid in their family’s vehicle. How did the ...Read More »
• ### Manila to Uganda Riddle

Can you move from MANILA to UGANDA in the shortest time? You need to follow below rules: Rule-1: You can ...Read More »
• ### Crime Investigation Riddle

Five men, whose names are Bob Edison, Tom Stevenson, Marty Brown, Jim Davis, and John Alberts were being questioned by ...Read More »
• ### Can you help him in finding the password?

A brother wants to use his brother’s desktop computer. When he opens it, he finds out that it is password ...Read More »
• ### Stand Behind Riddle

John is asked to stand behind Jacob and Jacob is asked to stand behind John. Both of them feel confused ...Read More »
• ### Next Shape Riddle

What is the next shape from answers A, B, C, and D figure?Read More »
• ### Magic Math

Find the next number in the sequence 5 12 24 36 ?Read More »
• ### What is the least amount of time she needs?

Jasmine has a toaster with two slots that toasts one side of each piece of bread at a time, and ...Read More »
• ### Complete The Series

N  U  S  J  M  E  V  ?Read More »
• ### Teaching Year Riddle

Three teachers were discussing how long they had been teaching. Adrian and Betty had been teaching for a total of ...Read More »
• ### Lazy gardener Puzzle

It takes two gardeners 8 days to mow a lawn. One is lazy and one is energetic. The energetic one ...Read More »
• ### Count The Squares

Find the number of squares in the below-given picture.Read More »
• ### Leonardo’s Leaps (Stair Case Puzzle)

This is a classic interview puzzle asked in many interviews. Puzzle :Given N step stair, how many number of ways ...Read More »
• ### Decipher the Exiting Code

Can you decipher these quotes by Albert Einstein? Blf xzm mvevi hloev z kilyovn lm gsv ovevo lm dsrxs rg ...Read More »
• ### Can you find the mistake Puzzle

Can you find the mistake in the below statement?Read More »
• ### I raze cities and I conquer towns Riddle

I raze cities and I conquer towns, I’ll pillage a village and take it all down. While my wife is ...Read More »