Jacob and John were preparing to have a water balloon fight. “No Fair” cried Jacob, “You have 3 times as many as I do!” John said “Fine!” and gave Jacob 10 more balloons. “Still not fair!” argued Jacob, “You still have twice as many as I do.” How many more balloons must John give Jacob for them to have the same number?
A hunter met two shepherds, one of whom had three loaves and the other, five loaves. All the loaves were the same size. The three men agreed to share the eight loaves equally between them. After they had eaten, the hunter gave the shepherds eight bronze coins as payment for his meal. How should the two shepherds fairly divide this money?
Outflow plug is opened and to be fill up the bathtub with both taps full on. The hot tap takes 6 minutes to fill the bathtub. The cold tap takes 2 minutes and the water empties through the plug hole in 4 minutes.